Inspired by the dream of the late African American scholar W.E.B. Du Bois and assisted by an eminent advisory board, Harvard scholars Henry Louis Gates, Jr., and Kwame Anthony Appiah have created the first scholarly encyclopedia to take as its scope the entire history of Africa and the African Diaspora.Beautifully designed and richly illustrated with over a thousand images – maps, tables, charts, photographs, hundreds of them in full color – this single-volume reference includes more than three thousand articles and over two million words. The interplay between text and illustration conveys the richness and sweep of the African and African American experience as no other publication before it. Certain to prove invaluable to anyone interested in black history and the influence of African culture on the world today, Africana is a unique testament to the remarkable legacy of a great and varied people.With entries ranging from ”affirmative action” to ”zydeco,” from each of the most prominent ethnic groups in Africa to each member of the Congressional Black Caucus, Africana brings the entire black world into sharp focus. Every concise, informative article is referenced to others with the aim of guiding the reader through such wide-ranging topics as the history of slavery; the civil rights movement; African-American literature, music, and art; ancient African civilizations; and the black experience in countries such as France, India, and Russia.
On the outskirts of Florence, in Italy’s traditional shoe-making home, sits a nondescript, boxy building that was built during the post-war Italian industrial boom of the 1950s. While the factory doesn’t look like much from the outside, once through the door it’s an altogether different story. The facility has the honorable distinction of making the Gucci loafer, one of the most iconic shoes made by one of the most prestigious and revered brands the world over.
If teleported into the building without any knowledge of the craft that held within those walls, one could reasonably think workers were turning out semiconductors or some other ultra-modern device. The neatly-organized space is bright and clean with machinery clustered sporadically along a looping line. It is the perfect marriage of technology and traditional craft with a seasoned group of shoemakers, sewers and cutters all under one roof. The nexus of old and new world is best exemplified in the attire of the tradespeople themselves; each worker wears a white lab coat with a beautifully tanned leather apron in a charming way that only Italians can pull off.
The craftsmen attach the leather loafers to the last by hand with a nail and hammer while sitting on a little wooden stool at a well worn and purpose built work bench. Even the tools have their own Gucci embossed leather kit to keep all necessary instruments organized and at hand.
After the moccasin uppers are sewn together (by hand, of course) and lasted, they move down “the line” to a team who begins the long coloring process of staining the leather. This hand staining involves several stain and dry repetitions which eventually result in a beautifully tonal rich leather coloring. It was the workers who stained the shoes who most impressed me, wielding a steady hand and paint brush with an ease that is only born from years and years of experience.
Eventually, the loafers make their way around the room to the welting step and through layers and layers of finishing. This finishing process includes polishing, more hand staining, drying, more polishing and eventually to the craftsman who attaches the classic Gucci “Horsebit” hardware.
The finished shoes are then packed up neatly awaiting final delivery to the store or customer. The process of making leather shoes at Gucci is a beautiful one and held in high regard for an obvious reason. The craftspeople in that simple building outside Florence are the unique combination of experience, technology and a historical skill set that has developed over generations. What more could one want in an icon?